Quick Reference Dictionary for Massage Therapy and Bodywork

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Depending on the condition being treated, hydrotherapy such as warm and cold wraps can also be used. The problems necessitating this treatment can arise from something as simple as clothing constricting the breast tissue. This restricts proper circulation and drainage, and can cause discomfort and pain in the breast tissues. It is important that you give your therapist verbal or written consent before breast treatment can take place. The practice of breast massage should be in conjunction with and not a substitute for regular self-breast exams.

Consult a physician when a lump is found in the breast this area should not be massaged. Chair Massage. Chair Massage is massage performed in a specially-designed chair, with or without oil. The chairs are easy to carry for on-site or corporate massages. Chakra Energy Massage. Activation of the chakra energy is the focus of Chakra Energy Massage treatment involving massaging points on the feet.

These are some of the Chakras:. Chakra Balancing Indian Head Massage. This technique primarily focuses on the three higher chakras, bringing balance to the whole person via massage of the face, head, neck, shoulders and upper arms. See also Indian Head Massage. Chakra Hot Stone Massage. The energy of smooth warm basalt river stones are known to promote a harmonizing and cleansing effect, thus allowing for a grounding meditative state.

While being massaged with the warm, oiled stones during this treatment, warm stones are also placed on the chakras on the front of the body. The placement is done with the intent of deep relaxation, grounding and balancing the chakra energy. See also Hot Stones. Cherokee Bodywork. Lewis Mehl-Madrona, MD describes Cherokee bodywork systems include breath, a form of osteopathic massage and manipulation, and energy work. The technique is an alternation of deep pressure and gentle rocking release. The Cherokee were also familiar with acupuncture meridians and used acupuncture, with needles made of thorns or porcupine quills, in healing.

In Dr. Often the hands are used to sweep away or remove spiritual intrusions or to brush in healing powers. Cherokees warm their hands over coals and circle their palms either on or above an affected area. Sometimes the muscles are rubbed in a manner similar to Western massage. To increase the healing effect, the medicine person massages specific therapeutic points.

Before attempting a cure, the spiritual cause of the illness is first addressed. While healing techniques are unique to each tribe, all subscribe to the ancient native traditions of using medicinal herbs, aromatic steam and massage, this treatment offers detoxifying purification healing rituals with gentle dry brush exfoliation and a the stimulating combination of herb and flower essences. Mehl-Madrona is a physician certified in family practice, geriatrics and psychiatry, and a healer of Cherokee and Lakota heritage.

This is a modern trademarked term for what is commonly known as Indian Head Massage. See also Indian head Massage. Chinese Massage Tuina Tui Na. Records show massage has been practised in China for thousands of years. External herbal poultices, compresses, liniments, and salves, may also be used to enhance the other therapeutic methods. Tui Na incorporates techniques that are similar to Western and Asian massage, as well as chiropractic, osteopathic, and western physical therapy.

Refined over the centuries, tui na facilitates healing by regulating the circulation of blood and qi, which controls body function and enhances resistance to disease, while seeking to allow the body to naturally heal itself. See also Acupressure. Craniosacral or Cranio Sacral. This method is based on an osteopathic technique for finding and correcting cerebral and spinal imbalances or blockages that may cause tissue, emotional, and postural dysfunction.

It involves assessing and addressing the movement of the cerebrospinal fluid CSF , which can be restricted by trauma to the body. Through gentle work with the spine, the skull and its cranial sutures, the diaphragm, and the fascia, the restrictions of nerve passages are said to be eased, and the movement of CSF through the spinal cord can be optimized. No oils are used. The Upledger Institute was founded in Deep Connective Tissue. This is a form of intense work that aims to release Myofascial connective tissue restrictions in the body, and thereby frequently breaking up restrictive scar tissue and adhesions.

Relief of chronic tension helps to increase the range of motion in the joints. These massage techniques tend to be slower and require the application of more pressure. The massage therapist applies the intense pressure to the deeper tissue structures of the muscle, in order to restore the length and flexibility to the fascia, a fibrous tissue that surrounds the muscles and organs. All clients are asked to inform their therapist immediately if and when the stroke pressure is too intense.

Little or no oil or lotions is used. Deep Muscle Therapy also known as Canadian Massage. Pfrimmer, a registered massage therapist from Goderich, Ontario. She fashioned this deep frictioning move herself, and self treated her condition. This treatment was thought to be responsible for bringing about her full recovery. Later, she spent 34 years of research on muscles, and trained others in her technique until her death in Deep Tissue Therapy.

Deep Tissue Therapy is a phrase which refers to a form of client-directed, area-specific massage, as opposed to relaxation massage. Little or no oils are used, promoting access to the deeper muscular and fascial structures below the surface. This work involves the continuous movement of energy throughout the body, following the energy patterns and engaging energy centres.

massage therapy

The pressure is light-to-firm touch, and can be done through natural fiber clothing. Many emotions and sensations can be experienced while in therapy. The blocked energy in your body can be released, promoting deep relaxation and an enhanced capacity to experience life. Energy Healing. Energy Healing is a gentle, non-invasive modality that works on your energetic level chakras, energy field and physical body, to rebalance and promote harmony.

This is a physical-energetic interface, with its relationship to health and disease. The work is about energy consciousness, chakras, auric fields, and healing in terms of human multidimensional anatomy, physiology, pathology, as well as emotional, mental, and spiritual. Each practitioner brings a different focus to their energy work. Equine Massage. This is a specialized area of massage therapy for horses, developed to aid the equine world. Massage is best for increasing circulation, relaxing muscle spasms, relieving tension, enhancing muscle tone, and increasing the range of motion in high performance horses.

Competitive riders and horse owners know the advantage of regular hands-on massage treatments to maximize the potential of their horses. Worldwide, two hundred centers exist today based on this experiential learning. The individuality of each massage therapist creates a unique therapeutic experience with a multitude of combinations of soft and deep tissue techniques, focusing on the extremities and torso, body awareness, and relaxation.

Facial Massage. This refers to focusing on the face for treatment for an entire session or can a portion of a massage treatment. Aside from slowing the aging process, ongoing treatments can maintain healthier skin, muscle, and nervous tissues and improve facial tone. Most often relief of stress, headaches, jaw aches, pain, and sinus congestion are the primary reasons for a facial massage. Swedish and pressure points on the face and neck are stimulated in order to release the vital energy flow.

A small amount of oil or lotion is often applied to facilitate movement over the delicate facial areas. His method establishes new connections between the brain and body through movement re-education. His practice of martial arts, Jui Jitsu, and Judo at his club in France informed him when he developed this approach to movement to heal an injury he had sustained in war.

He began to teach his awareness to his fellow injured patients. His technique retrains the central nervous system through the skeletal system; unconscious movement is brought into conscious awareness and old patterns are eliminated and replaced with new skills.

Back Massage How To: Relaxing Spa Techniques - Austin Massage Therapist Jen Hilman

These methods are taught in one to one sessions and or through group classes. Four-hand Massage. The well practiced motions of equalizing pressure and choreographed smooth rhythms have a potential to create a seamless balanced massage and a very stimulating experience. Hawaiian Massage See Lomi Lomi. Healing Touch. Healing Touch is an energy exchange therapy during which the therapist uses the hands as a focus to facilitate the healing process and to induce deep relaxation. Joseph Heller founded this mix of deep-tissue structural bodywork and movement education. Hellerwork involves a series of eleven sessions; during each session one hour is devoted to bodywork and thirty minutes to movement therapy.

The patient learns to move in ways that minimize effort, emphasize vertical realignment, and release chronic stress and tension. Hot Stone Massage. This is a geothermal hydrotherapy technique using stones heated by water. The basalt stones are dark volcanic rock with high levels of iron, and are able to absorb and retain heat.

Selected for their smoothness, they are obtained from the rushing waters of riverbeds. The iron in the stones grounds the body. Cold stones are often used to reduce the inflammation and refresh and tone the heated tissues. The use of hot stones for healing dates back to ancient times. This term literally means water therapy. The belief that water had healing properties goes back far before the Greeks of the Hellenistic period, who were the first known people to build marble temples for bathing nearby natural springs. They employed the sound of running water for medicinal purposes to sooth anxiety.


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Kneipp used the various properties of water to facilitate wellness via temperature and pressure. Hydrotherapy is commonly used today to facilitate healing. This takes many forms, from running water to ice, heat packs, Scotch hoses, aquatic massage, hot stone massage, Swiss showers, underwater massage, herbal baths, thalassotherapy, Vichy treatments, warm pool exercise, and Kneipp therapy, to name but a few. The technique originates from the Ayurvedic system of healing practiced for thousands of years in India.

Ancient Sanskrit writings have recently shown the Ayurvedic system to have been around for approximately seven thousand years. Today Indian Head Massage is a part of the cultural daily practice for Indian families seeking relaxation and healing. The technique involves treatment of the head, neck and face. All of these, including the facial areas, are massaged to manipulate the energy channels.

The aim is to clear impediments in the energy flow that cause an excess of negative energy. These obstructions are purported to cause ailments such as stress, nociception, and hair loss. Treatment is done clothed and seated, and lasts up to 45 minutes. Infant Massage. This technique deals with teaching parents how to massage their infants. Hospital neonatal care units utilize this specialized form of touch and infant massage to manage the critical weight gain of premature infants.

See the Touch Institute studies. Integrated Awareness. His body map relates human consciousness with specific body sites and patterns. The map view is non-causal and affords insight and healing for the entire human experience. The aim of this movement therapy is to help the client make new choices and to fully express who they are in the present.

These techniques are organized into a systems approach which encourages the body to continue to work on healing itself even after a session. A treatment plan is designed, while patients remain fully clothed. Gentle pressures, extensions, and rotations are systematically applied to release blockages and correct other dysfunctions. The therapist floats the client utilizing several slow, flowing, circular movements. This aquatic therapy works with body awareness, body mechanics, and the power of water.

It uses micro movements to obtain structural alignment of the body. The gradual, passive activity, together with the warm water, takes relaxation and a feeling of well-being to another level. Often the client experiences a sense of expansion. A flexible floatation tool helps to support the body. Combinations of movements provide gentle traction which helps to elongate the spine and decompress the body and mind.

The body structure and its relationship to the unique physical properties of water make this treatment a must experience. Jin Shin D o. Jin Shin Do was developed by psychotherapist, Iona Marsaa Teeguarden, who merged Reichian segmental theory and Taoist yogic philosophy and breathing into her version of the body mind continuum. Jin Shin Do combines gentle, finger pressure on points derived from Japanese acupressure and classic Chinese acupuncture theory. The treatment term is 10 sessions of 90 minutes; the client is fully-clothed lying on a massage table.

Joint Mobilization. Mobilization involves moving the joints in a way that you cannot move them yourself. It involves small movements of the actual bone surfaces on each other. There are many different movements of mobilization, some that help to decrease pain and others that help to increase the movement range of the joints. Typically, in physical therapy, mobilization is understood as a repetitive passive movement of varying amplitudes of low velocity applied at different parts of the range of motion, depending upon the effect desired.

Joint Play. The practitioner will move the joints to achieve a full, pain-free range of motion, with a special stretching technique. This technique is derived from the osteopathic system. Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement. Professional Kinesiologists have obtained a university degree and practise the assessment of movement. They can work in disability management, case coordination, health and safety, ergonomics, and clinical rehabilitation, the rehabilitation, prevention, and management of disorders in order to maintain, rehabilitate, and enhance movement.


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They work with performance and function in the areas of sport, recreation, work, exercise, and activities of daily living. Lomi Lomi the Hawaiian Massage. Practiced for centuries, Lomi Lomi is the ancient Hawaiian healing art. In pre-missionary days the name Kahunas referred to a definite group in Hawaiian society, who were the experts in life and spirituality. The practices of the Kahunas remained carefully guarded secrets. Their successors, when selected, were trained in patience and understanding, and to become a lover of wisdom, knowledge, and self-awareness.

Only when accomplished did they become the recipient of the healing secrets. Primary to this healing form is the intent of the loving touch, which utilizes finger, palm, and elbow strokes. Kukui nut, macadamia nut and coconut oils are used as lubricants and nutritional moisturizers during the massage. Also See Native Healing Practices. Lymph Drainage Therapy. A hands-on method for lymphatic drainage involving flat hands utilizing all of the fingers to stimulate the lymph glands to drain fluids of metabolic exudates from the extremities.

These feather-like movements help the body to eliminate waste and strengthen the immune system, thereby increasing resistance to illness. This is an important part of our circulatory system. The or so lymphatic pathways called lymphangion contain spiral muscles innervated by the autonomic nervous system. They are collections of lymph nodes that act like little workshops to filter and purify, retrieving fluid and breaking down pathogens and toxins within the lymphocytes and macrophages cells.

The lymph is 96 percent water; this clear liquid contains proteins, digested fats, white blood cells, hormones, and waste products. Emil Vodder, a Danish massage therapist, researched and compiled experiential evidence to help clients to heal. Labour Support Provider. The practitioner supports a woman during the different stages of labour and childbirth, emphasizing complementary techniques, including breathing, massage and relaxation, the non-pharmacological methods of pain relief.

Research is confirming the ancient knowledge that compassionate nurturing touch during labour can boost emotional satisfaction and reduce the pain of labour. Emil Vodder, a Danish massage therapist, used research and experiential evidence to help his clients to heal. This method for lymphatic drainage involves flat hands and using all of the fingers to simulate wave-like movements. See also Lymph Drainage. The practice of massage therapy is the assessment of the soft tissue and joints of the body, and the treatment and prevention of physical dysfunction of and pain in the soft tissue and joints by manipulation.

This manipulation is used to develop, maintain, rehabilitate or augment physical function, or relieve pain. Click here to see regulations. Massage therapy is a planned palpation of the soft tissues of the body.

Does Massage Therapy Work?

A therapist has a unique variety of modalities in their tool kit in addition to their basic college training program. Some, but not all, of these modalities are listed here in this glossary. The rhythmic movements of Swedish massage techniques are the basics tools for the massage therapist. These are known as effleurage - a firm or light soothing, stroking movement, and kneading, gliding, percussion, friction, vibrations, compression, petrissage - a lifting or picking up muscles and rolling the folds of skin, and tapotement - a light karate move with the side of the hand, usually with partly flexed fingers.

Some or all of these movements may be involved in a treatment, and these techniques may be applied with or without the aid of lubricants. Passive or active stretching, kept within the normal anatomical range of movement, is often involved in a treatment plan. Massage therapy also uses a variety of hydrotherapy, remedial exercise, progressive exercise, strengthening exercise, and joint play.

The purpose of the practice of massage is to enhance the general health and wellbeing of the recipient. Massage does not include the diagnosis of a specific pathology, the prescription of drugs or controlled substances, or spinal manipulation, as these acts are outside of the scope of massage therapy practice. For Massage therapy treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, click here to see more of what massage therapy treats.


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  8. Medical Exercise Therapy. A branch of exercise therapy where the patient performs exercises using specially designed apparatii, without assistance, but under the constant supervision of the therapist. Medical Massage Therapy. This is a name used in some jurisdictions where massage training may not cover rehabilitation. Therefore, this form of Swedish massage must be distinguished from other forms of massage and therapists who do not do rehabilitation.

    In these instances and in these jurisdictions, medics send patients with a prescription that directs the course of treatment to a massage therapist who does medical rehabilitation. This massage therapist will treat injuries and a wide variety of illnesses. These treatments are often of short duration, like physiotherapy sessions, and deal with only the problem or injured area. In jurisdictions where Massage Therapists are regulated, primary healthcare providers, the roll of the doctor is to diagnose the injury or illness but not to direct massage therapy care or treatment.

    MET are treatments in which a patient, on request, actively uses his muscles from a controlled position, in a specific direction and against a counter force. These techniques target the soft tissues and joint mobilization. Like PNF, MET uses the isometric contraction of the target muscle before the stretch; however, MET uses only minimal force during the isometric phase and the stretch is done passively.

    These techniques are used to strengthen weak muscles, stretch tight muscles and fascia, mobilize joints in which movement is restricted, and improve local circulation. Myofascial Release. This technique of stretching the fascia, directly or indirectly, allows the connective tissue fibers to reorganize and releases bonds between fascia, integument, muscles, and bones. It is mainly applied with the goal of eliminating pain, increasing range of motion, and balancing the body. Myofascial Release utilizes soft tissue manipulation techniques connective tissue massage, soft tissue mobilization, Rolfing, strain-counter-strain, etc.

    The therapist is trained to manipulate and distinguish how much pressure and movement to use, the direction of the stretch, and the duration of the stretch, incorporating feedback given by the physical and verbal responses of the client. Therapists practising direct Myofascial Release use knuckles, elbows, or other tools to slowly sink into the restricted fascia, applying a few kilograms of force or tens of Newtons, and then stretching the fascia. This is also known as deep tissue work.

    The direct form of Myofascial release seeks changes in the structure by stretching, the elongation of fascia, or the mobilization of adhesive tissues. The gentle traction applied to the restricted fascia will result in heat and increased blood flow in the affected area.

    Popularized in the s, the indirect technique originated from the concepts of Andrew Taylor Stills, who founded osteopathic medicine in the late 19th century, and was further developed by his successors in osteopathy schools. Native American Bodywork Practices. This article is Included in this glossary with the permission of the author.

    In this piece, Lewis Mehl-Madrona, who is of Cherokee and Lakota heritage, shares insights into types of bodywork practiced by Native American peoples. All peoples have methods for hands-on therapy, what we now call bodywork. The Cherokee people of North America, for example, were well versed in body therapies and energy healing. They developed a comprehensive, sophisticated bodywork system that encompassed a form of osteopathic massage and manipulation, breath, and energy work. Central to this technique are the alternation of deep pressure and gentle rocking release.

    They also used crystal scanning and healing as well as the channeling of spirits and energy medicine. A Variety of Bodywork Traditions. Other bodywork practices are found throughout Native American cultures. The Zuni pueblo in New Mexico practice a technique very similar to the high-velocity adjustment of the neck and spine popularized as chiropractic.

    Dene and Cherokee bone setters have all but disappeared, but accounts from the nineteenth century support the belief that most felt it was safer to go to a Dene bone setter than to a conventional physician of that era. The Dene people live in Northern New Mexico and Arizona and are often called Navajo, though that is not a term they use. The Hopi people and their practices were the source of inspiration for a type of massage now called Hakomi.

    Native American practices, in which hot and cold stones are used to deeply penetrate muscles and tissues to reduce pain and inflammation are what we now know as stone massage. All of these practices integrate physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual aspects of a person. Discussion exists among Native American scholars as to whether A.

    Still, the father of American osteopathic medicine, who was also the physician for the Shawnee Nation for more than 20 years, lifted much of what became osteopathic medicine or chiropractic from Shawnee healing practices. The Shawnee were originally native to northern Kentucky and southern Ohio and were neighbors to the Cherokee, with whom they share many similarities in bodywork practices. According to this theory, Still took the techniques of Shawnee bodywork and rendered them mechanical as fitted the European paradigm of the day Shawnee concepts were decidedly more energetic and spiritual.

    He marketed these techniques and developed the first colleges of osteopathy in the United States. Lomi lomi is a sacred hands-on form of transformational bodywork based in ancient traditions of Polynesian influence found throughout the islands of the Pacific. Hawaiian-born nurse, Margaret Machado, formalized the technique. Pressure with fingers at certain points is also part of the technique, but it is of shorter duration than most acupressure.

    Recognizing Native Practices. Unfortunately, little has been done to recognize Native healing practices, although some states have acknowledged the touch therapies provided by traditional healers. Personally, I had the opportunity to learn Cherokee bodywork techniques from two older women who practiced it, and I am committed to making sure that it does not disappear. I teach this approach because I wish to continue to restore the strength and the resilience of the Cherokee approach to touch therapies that has characterized Cherokee medicine for centuries.

    He has been on the faculties of several medical schools and is the author of Coyote Medicine, Coyote Healing, and Coyote Wisdom, a trilogy of books on what Native culture has to offer the modern world. Lewis is working with aboriginal communities to develop uniquely aboriginal styles of healing and health care for use in those communities. Elders say that they heal both the body and soul, as well as restore harmony to the community and nature.

    Healers communicate with spirits in order to help heal. Some healers say they can heal spiritual, psychic, and physical wounds as well as communities and global conditions. Healers work in cultures that include other specialists such as herbalists, diviners, bonesetters, and midwives. Some healers are very selective in choosing which people they will treat because if they fail, they lose stature.

    What does it involve? Healers enter a trance to figure out what is wrong with the patient and what to do about it. The healer or an assistant may pray, sing, chant, dance, or drum around the patient. Storytelling and other art forms may also be used. During the trance, the healer's soul is believed to leave the body and travel to the spirit world in a search to help the sick person.

    This is where the healer communicates with the spirits thought to be responsible for the illness. Although the healer is in a state of trance, he is still conscious and aware. This allows him to bargain with the spirits who can help the patient's illness. The healer returns and shares his or her vision with the sick person. Each healer must complete rigorous training, especially in the ability to achieve the controlled trance required for communication with the spirits.

    Healers work both with individual patients and with groups. What is the history behind it? Traditional healing of this type may date back as far as 40, years. It is believed to have begun in the Altai and Ural Mountains of western China and Russia, probably in the form of a religion. In the Tungusu-Manchurian language, the word shaman means, "one who knows.

    Massage therapy | definition of massage therapy by Medical dictionary

    Traditional healing emphasizes the importance of relational and cultural elements in determining the effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine and will reflect upon research methodologies to capture these phenomena. Native American Indian community-based medical systems have a number of rituals and practices: sweating and purging, usually done in a "sweat lodge"; the use of herbal remedies gathered from the surrounding environment and sometimes traded over long distances; and shamanic healing involving naturalistic or personalistic healing.

    Tribes such as the Lakota and Dineh Navajo also use practices such as the medicine wheel, sacred hoop, and the "sing," which is a healing ceremony rite that lasts from two to nine days and nights and is guided by a highly skilled specialist called a "singer. Ailments and diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, thyroid conditions, cancer, skin rashes, and asthma reportedly have been cured by Native American Indian doctors who are knowledgeable about the complex ceremonies.

    For more on this topic click here. Neuromuscular Therapy NMT. NMT is the assessment and treatment of acute and chronic pain syndromes of the soft tissues caused by trauma, postural distortions, and biomechanical dysfunction. The neuromuscular therapist trains in treatment protocols for common pain syndromes. NMT can help with recovery from these conditions.

    Seifukujitsu was developed by Henry Seishiro Okazaki He founded Danzan Ryu Jujitsu in Hawaii, and taught this Japanese-based combination of massage, acupressure, and herbal healing. The distinguishing factor is that the majority of the therapy is done with the crux of the elbow. Incorporated into this therapy are Hawaiian Lomi-Lomi, Swedish massage, and Japanese Anma massage with deep tissue and acupressure points.

    Massage Therapy

    Oriental Bodywork. Ortho Bionomy. Arthur Lincoln Pauls. With this form of non-invasive form of body therapy the practitioner uses gentle movements and positions of the body to facilitate the change of stress and pain patterns. A strong focus is placed on the comfort of the individual, no forceful manipulations are used. The practitioner also suggests home exercises that individuals can do to further facilitate the neuromuscular re-education process begun in the session.

    Pauls began teaching in the US in Plantar fasciitis, and correction of leg-length differences and much more. This massage focuses on rehabilitation of orthopaedic conditions, sports injury etc. This therapy uses a few of the same modalities as massage therapy such as swedish massage, joint mobilization, exercise, nutritional and postural re-education. This is a relatively newly named profession. It does a few of the similar functions as an RMT such as focusing on pain relief, relaxation and regaining flexibility. The term is rooted in ancient Greek, osteon, meaning bone, pathos to suffer.

    The founder, Andrew Taylor Still, in while a physician on the Missouri frontier, discovered that he had the ability to put his hands on people and change their physiology. He wanted to share his knowledge and in , at the age of 64, Dr. Still began teaching formally. The first class consisted of only 22 students, both women and men. Currently, in most countries, osteopathy is a form of complementary medicine, emphasizing a holistic approach and the skilled use of a range of manual and physical treatment interventions osteopathic manipulative medicine is known as OMM in the United States.

    Osteopathy is a therapy, which uses manipulation to treat a wide range of health problems directly or indirectly relating to the muscles, joints and ligaments of the body. The therapy is based upon the principle that restoring harmony and balance to the musculoskeletal system influences all levels of the body. In practice, this most commonly relates to musculoskeletal problems such as back and neck pain. T he manipulations are very gentle, pressures and positioning to encourage the tissues, fascia, to gently relax and unwind, releasing the shock of imprinted traumas.

    Patients often experience a sense of deep relaxation, tingling, fluid flows and relief of pain. Emotional releases may occur as well. The client is typically clothed and the work can be done on a massage table and no lubricant is used. Cranial osteopathy is the source of the Cranio sacral therapy and Visceral osteopathy is the origin of Visceral manipulation therapy to name a few of many techniques derived from the osteopathy. Personal Trainer. A person who designs cardio and resistive exercise programs, with injury prevention, nutritional supplementation and all aspects of weight training.

    Is another of the health care professions that treats post surgical or physical dysfunction and injury by the use of progressive therapeutic exercise and the application of modalities such as ultra sound and hydrotherapy with the intent to restore strength and normal function. Pilates Exercise. Joseph Pilates invented and promoted the Pilates method, motivated by his own weakness from childhood asthma, rickets and rheumatic fever.

    Influenced by his Greek father, a prize-winning gymnast and his German mother, a naturopath, Joe, by the age of 14, was well studied in body-building and gymnastics. Pilates is a low impact body maintenance and rehabilitation program designed strengthen muscles, open joints and release tension. Results include improved posture and ease of movement during daily activities, recreation and sports. He moved on to design a series of exercises and engineering the equipment for it.

    Moving to England In he earned a living as a boxer, circus-performer and self-defense trainer. This is where his fitness training of others took shape and the Pilates Method was born. Once in the US, with his wife Clara she named it "Contrology", relating to the use of the mind to control the core postural muscles and provide support for the spine. Polarity Therapy.

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    The Austrian, Randolph Stone, by , had written 7 books on polarity having developed it from ancient Eastern and alternative medicine and is based on universal principles of energy attraction, repulsion, and neutrality. He believed that healing can be achieved through manipulation of the reciprocal and complementary energies known as Yin and Yang. These dualities are said to be mediated by a subtle third neutral factor, as in Ayurvedic medicine, its three energies are known as Rajas, Tamas, and Satva. Polarity is centered on the human energy field and uses touch, verbal interaction, nutrition and exercise to seek to balance and restore the natural flow of energy from the universe and into the body through the chakras.

    Prenatal and Pregnancy Massage. Prenatal massage techniques can reduce discomfort and enhance the physiological and emotional well-being of both mother and fetus. Massage therapy support can ease labour and decrease anxiety. The postpartum period massage helps the body as it rebalances the physiology and calms a new mother. PNF is a form of resistance exercise used by a therapist to rehabilitate the body. It was developed in the 's by Dr. Herman Kabat and expanded by Margaret Knott and Dorothy Voss, it is a combination of isometrics and passive stretching, when resistance is applied, as in the case of Hold-Relax, also called Contract-Relax, it should be the maximum amount of resistance that allows for pain-free movement.

    However, if improperly used this can actually weaken muscles, decrease endurance, slow neuromuscular control and coordination, and decrease joint stability. PNF is to help the muscle contract, to increase motor control and learning and to help a client gain awareness of the motion and the direction of the motion and, of course, strengthen the body. PNF exercises can be applied to patients of all ages. Quantum-touch is a hands-on healing system that claims to utilize "universal life force energy" Qi to assist oneself and others heal physical and emotional issues this energy healing modality that applies the principles of resonance and entrainment to facilitate healing.

    The Quantum-Touch basic techniques were developed from that workshop. OverDrive Explore 's of downloadable e-books in a variety of subjects, including academic areas, classic literature, fiction, and more. Electronic Journal Finder Use the Electronic Journal Finder to determine whether a particular journal and article is available online. The EJC covers a wide range of disciplines and contains just published scientific research as well as historical journal articles.

    Williams ; editorial board, Lawrence H. Bannister Call Number: Ga Quick reference dictionary for massage therapy and bodywork by Ed Denning Call Number: East Reference, Metro Reference. Wible Call Number: East Reference. Anna Lauer.